Teaching the Explore

What do we know about islands?

Pupils to use their prior knowledge gained throughout this theme to complete the following tasks.

  • Name four different islands.
  • Name three different types of islands.
  • Give two examples of how islands are used.
  • Explain one impact of an island on its inhabitants.

Challenge: Explain how living on an island impacts the pupils’ lives.

Some islands

Ask pupils to consider all the different types of islands that we have learnt about so far. How are they used? For housing, industrial use, conservation, prisons, etc. The slide lists a number of common and more unusual uses for islands.

Over time, many people have become associated with islands such as:

  • Charles Darwin – Galápagos
  • Christopher Columbus – Bahamas, San Salvador
  • Richard Branson – Nekker Island / British Virgin Islands
  • Captain James Cook – islands in Oceania and New Zealand
  • Francis Drake – various islands in the Caribbean

Other interesting islands are:

  • Volcanic islands: Hawaii; Sumatra
  • Abandoned islands: Mitsubishi’s Gunkanjima Island; Nagasaki; No Man’s Land (Nettleford, England)
  • Islands with animals only: Seal Island in South Africa (seals); Komodo Island, Indonesia (Komodo dragons); Okunoshima, Japan (rabbits)

Independent reading task

Pupils to read pages 20–21 of the Amazing Islands (see Resources) and begin to identify where, how and why prison islands were used. This will provide pupils with an introduction to prison islands.

Further discuss islands that were used for housing prisoners. There were a number of them located around the world – including Alcatraz in the USA and Robben Island in South Africa. Explain that most of these prisons are no longer used and that they are mainly tourist attractions now.

Explain that pupils are going to focus on two of the most famous prison islands: Alcatraz and Robben Island. These were made famous by the inmates that they housed: Al Capone in Alcatraz and Nelson Mandela in Robben Island.

Prison islands discussion

Ask the pupils to discuss the following questions. Answers are on the following slide.

  1. What advantages did the islands have for holding prisoners?
  2. What do they think life was like for island prisoners?
  3. Why do you think that they are not used anymore?
  4. Why keep prisons open as tourist attractions?

Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela is a significant individual in history. Invite the pupils to share what they know about Nelson Mandela.

Nelson Mandela is well known for being the first black president of South Africa. Invite pupils to make links to American History – who was the first black president of the USA?

What did Nelson Mandela do?

Pupils to research Nelson Mandela and his significant achievements during his lifetime. Consider the thoughts, feelings and actions at different points in his life. Watch video interviews with Nelson Mandela.

Why is he such a significant figure?

Pupils can watch the following videos to learn more about Mandela and his life.

Emotional intelligence task 1

Pupils to consider how they think Mandela felt during the time of Apartheid. This will encourage students to recognise and understand other people’s emotions based on events that have happened in their lives.

Emotional intelligence task 2

Pupils to consider how they think Mandela felt when he was released from prison. This will encourage students to recognise and understand other people’s emotions based on events that have happened in their lives. They can watch an AP news report about Mandela’s release from prison to help them.

Main task

Pupils are to write an autobiographical recount in role as Nelson Mandela. Pupils can use the sentence starters and key vocabulary on the following slide for support if they need to.

Continuum task

Pupils now need to explain how the life of a significant individual has impacted on our lives today. To do this, they will state their position on the continuum. Pupils will then have to justify their position using evidence from this Explore.

Assess, reflect, connect

Have a class discussion.

How do you feel about the way Nelson Mandela was treated?

Remember to use evidence from Mandela’s story to support your opinion.

Use emotive language to express your feelings.