1. What advantages would an island have for holding prisoners? 2. What do
you think life was like for island prisoners? 3. Why do you think prison islands are not
used anymore? 4. Why are prison islands still used as tourist attractions? 5. How
do you think Nelson Mandela felt at key points of his life?
Discuss how human activity has impacted on a place.
Explain how the life of a significant individual has impacted our lives today.
Geography Discuss how human activity has impacted on or
changed the physical and/or human features of a place over time (i.e. types of settlement and
land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources
including energy, food, minerals and water).
History Explain how the lives of significant individuals
or significant historical events have contributed to national and
international achievements or have impacted our lives today.
An autobiographical piece in the role of Nelson Mandela explaining how he felt
after his release and subsequent election victory
Teaching the Explore
What do we know about islands?
Pupils to use their prior knowledge gained throughout this theme to complete the
Name four different islands.
Name three different types of islands.
Give two examples of how islands are used.
Explain one impact of an island on its inhabitants.
Challenge: Explain how living on an island impacts the pupils’ lives.
Ask pupils to consider all the different types of islands that we have learnt about
so far. How are they used? For housing, industrial use, conservation, prisons, etc. The slide lists
a number of common and more unusual uses for islands.
Over time, many people have become associated with islands such as:
Charles Darwin – Galápagos
Christopher Columbus – Bahamas, San Salvador
Richard Branson – Nekker Island / British Virgin Islands
Captain James Cook – islands in Oceania and New Zealand
Francis Drake – various islands in the Caribbean
Other interesting islands are:
Volcanic islands: Hawaii; Sumatra
Abandoned islands: Mitsubishi’s Gunkanjima Island; Nagasaki; No Man’s Land (Nettleford,
Islands with animals only: Seal Island in South Africa (seals); Komodo Island, Indonesia
(Komodo dragons); Okunoshima, Japan (rabbits)
Independent reading task
Pupils to read pages 20–21 of the Amazing Islands (see Resources) and begin to identify where,
how and why prison islands were used. This will provide pupils with an introduction to prison
Further discuss islands that were used for housing prisoners. There were a number of them located
around the world – including Alcatraz in the USA and Robben Island in South Africa. Explain that
most of these prisons are no longer used and that they are mainly tourist attractions now.
Explain that pupils are going to focus on two of the most famous prison islands: Alcatraz and
Robben Island. These were made famous by the inmates that they housed: Al Capone in Alcatraz and
Nelson Mandela in Robben Island.
Prison islands discussion
Ask the pupils to discuss the following questions. Answers are on the following
What advantages did the islands have for holding prisoners?
What do they think life was like for island prisoners?
Why do you think that they are not used anymore?
Why keep prisons open as tourist attractions?
Nelson Mandela is a significant individual in history. Invite the pupils to share
what they know about Nelson Mandela.
Nelson Mandela is well known for being the first black
president of South Africa. Invite pupils to make links to American History – who was the first
black president of the USA?
What did Nelson Mandela do?
Pupils to research Nelson Mandela and his significant achievements during his
lifetime. Consider the thoughts, feelings and actions at different points in his life. Watch video
interviews with Nelson Mandela.
Why is he such a significant figure?
Pupils can watch the following videos to learn more about Mandela and his life.
Pupils to consider how they think Mandela felt during the time of Apartheid. This will encourage students to recognise and understand other people’s emotions based on events that have happened in their lives.
Emotional intelligence task 2
Pupils to consider how they think Mandela felt when he was released from prison. This will encourage students to recognise and understand other people’s emotions based on events that have happened in their lives. They can watch an AP news report about Mandela’s release from prison to help them.
Pupils are to write an autobiographical recount in role as Nelson Mandela. Pupils can use the sentence starters and key vocabulary on the following slide for support if they need to.
Pupils now need to explain how the life of a significant individual has impacted on our lives today. To do this, they will state their position on the continuum. Pupils will then have to justify their position using evidence from this Explore.
Assess, reflect, connect
Have a class discussion.
How do you feel about the way Nelson Mandela was treated?
Remember to use evidence from Mandela’s story to support your opinion.